Thursday, July 28, 2011
Tuesday, July 19, 2011
During Katrina there were people who refused to be separated from their beloved pets and placed themselves at risk of death. As a result, communities now have in place protocol for the care of companion animals during times of emergency. When a mother and children face leaving their home and not taking their beloved animals, often they will elect to stay to protect the pets from the abuser. It's time we provided safety to all in their time of need.
By Stephanie Steinberg, Special to CNN
July 18, 2011 10:24 a.m. EDT
(CNN) -- It wasn't until Melissa Reese's husband allegedly put a knife to her throat and threatened to kill her that she says she decided it was time to leave her abusive relationship. She could take her belongings and kids, but her dogs were a different story.
Dropping Capone and Sophie, her Alaskan Malamute and Miniature Doberman, at an animal shelter where they could be euthanized or adopted by another family was not an option.
"I couldn't give them up," Reese said. "That would be like putting my children out in the cold, and I couldn't do that."
Reese said whenever her husband threatened her, Capone would squeeze in the middle and try to push him away. Her pets had protected her, and she couldn't leave them behind to become victims of her husband's wrath.
So she called Ahimsa House, which placed the dogs with foster families until Reese got settled in a new home. Reese's husband later pleaded no contest to charges of simple assualt and battery.
Ahimsa House -- which stands for "nonviolence" in Sanskrit -- is the only animal shelter in Georgia that specifically cares for pets from homes of domestic violence. In the last year, dogs, cats, birds, reptiles, livestock and horses took refuge for a combined total of 20,000 nights. In one case, the shelter took in 18 chickens.
The Atlanta shelter will house a pet for as long as the owner needs. Every animal also receives a medical examination from a veterinarian. As Ahimsa House Executive Director Maya Gupta explained, pets in households with an incidence of domestic violence often have hidden injuries themselves.
"Abusers tend to be very good with their human victims in knowing exactly where to hit so that the bruises don't show -- so she can put on a long sleeve shirt or some makeup and cover them -- and to some extent, they also do that with animals," she said.
Perpetrators of domestic violence often harm or threaten a family pet in order to manipulate a partner and coerce him or her to stay in a relationship. As a result, 18% to 45% of battered women remain with their abuser in fear of what he may do to a pet or livestock upon leaving, according to a study by the American Bar Association.
Tanya Mcleod, an advocate against domestic violence who alleges a close relative abused her and their dog Brownie, explained that abusers realize pets provide a type of comfort for victims and use that to their advantage.
"The abuser will often make threats and say, 'If you leave I'll kill Fluffy, or I'll flush the goldfish down the toilet' -- whatever it is that will make that person stay in that relationship," she said.
Brownie was considered a part of the family to Mcleod and her three kids. When it became clear she was giving more attention to the dog, Mcleod says the relative got jealous and abused Brownie as a way to take control.
"He would hit him, kick him, sometimes choke him," Mcleod recalls. "He would tell us that we couldn't see Brownie."
Ahimsa House paid for Nala's surgery after she got hit by a car while trying to find her way home. Nala's owner left an abusive husband and had to leave her dog with a family friend.
The relative was never charged for abusing Brownie or Mcleod.
In every state, pets are considered property under the law, and judges cannot order a person to not harm, injure or interfere with the care of a family pet. But that is changing as 21 states plus the District of Columbia and Puerto Rico have enacted laws to include pets in domestic violence protection orders.
Texas is the most recent state to pass a bill that will punish family violence perpetrators under protective orders who torture pets.
Democratic Texas state Sen. Wendy Davis, who sponsored the bill that will go into effect September 1, said the legislation provides the opportunity for law enforcement to bring federal prosecution against abusive partners who threaten pets.
Protective orders protect women against further abuse by a partner, but the same doesn't hold true for pets, Davis explained. Now that pets are included in orders, abusers will receive a misdemeanor for the first violation and felony charges upon two or more violations.
Every day, thousands of pets and humans are at risk in abusive relationships, according to Phil Arkow, coordinator of the National Link Coalition, which seeks to prevent violence toward people and animals. A study by the National Coalition Against Domestic Violence found that 71% of women entering shelters report that their batterer had injured, killed or threatened a pet to exert control over them.
For many women, fleeing with their dog or cat isn't an option when only one in eight domestic violence shelters accept pets, according to the NCADV.
The Houston Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals in Texas recognized this problem and started PetSafe -- a program to provide temporary boarding, medical care and food for pets of families escaping domestic violence. This year, the program cared for 20 pets, but the organization investigated 14,642 cases of animal abuse, neglect and cruelty in 2010, according to HSPCA spokeswoman Stacy Fox.
In the past few years, state representatives have been debating bills that would include pets in domestic violence protective orders. David Favre, a law professor of animal cruelty at Michigan State University, said the majority of these bills eventually pass because "everybody can agree with the principle."
"Who's going to stand up and say, 'No, the husband should be able to abuse the pet'?" he said.
However, Favre explained adding pets in protective order laws may not be effective since pet abusers already violate the state's animal cruelty law.
"If a man wants to inflict harm, he's not going to really be stopped by this protective order," he said.
But after hearing stories -- in one case, a man cut off a dog's ears and sent them to his partner to get her to return -- Davis says she believes the new law will help keep women safe
"The bill isn't about protecting the pet nearly as much as it is about protecting women, who unfortunately can be convinced to say in an abusive situation where a pet is used as basically a pawn against her emotions," she said.
What to do if your pet is being abused:
1) First, if he's threatening the pets, you are next. Don't assume that he's bluffing. Don't make excuses. Don't think things will get better. They won't, says Phil Arkow, coordinator of the National Link Coalition. The lives of you and your children are in danger. Get out -- now!
2) Avoid bitter custody battles by making sure all of your pet's records are in your name: rabies and other shots, pet food purchases, dog or cat licenses, pedigree papers, receipts for vet bills, etc. These should all be in your name to establish that you are the caregiver.
3) Make sure your pets are current on all their licenses and vaccinations. This makes it easier to house them in an emergency shelter.
4) Pets should have an identification tag that does not have your name or home number. Use the number of a friend or the animal's veterinarian.
5) Have an emergency plan that includes your pets. If you're able to prepare for your pet's departure, try to have pet items -- including vaccination and medical records, medications, licenses, blankets, leashes, collars and pet carriers -- in a safe place where your abuser won't be able to find them.
6) Have a safe place for your pet lined up in advance such as a women's shelter that offers on-site housing or off-site foster care for pets, a trusted friend, veterinarian, kennel or animal shelter. Keep this location secret in case your abuser tries to take control of the pet in order to take control of you and your children.
Wednesday, July 13, 2011
“Breaking news” graphics play across TV screen.
Brian Williams: Good afternoon. We interrupt regular programming for this breaking news out of Washington — a remarkable turn of events in the showdown over the debt ceiling. President Obama is expected in the White House press room at any moment to announce a breakthrough deal under which Republicans have agreed to raise the debt ceiling through 2014, in exchange for Bo Obama, the president’s dog, being delivered as a hostage to the Tea Party caucus of the House Republican conference. NBC’s Chuck Todd is at the White House. Chuck, markets have already rallied on rumors of the deal. What can you tell us?
Chuck Todd: Brian, NBC News has learned the president struck this deal with House Majority Leader Eric Cantor late last night after concluding that John Boehner’s more balanced approach to deficit reduction, which included some revenue increases, would never get enough GOP votes to stave off a default. And with the president’s own party in revolt against Mitch McConnell’s plan to make Democrats “own” any debt-ceiling hike through a series of high-profile votes between now and Election Day, the president decided, as one top aide told me, that there was no choice but to “go creative.”
Williams: And now, the president. . . .
Obama appears at the podium. He looks grayer than ever.
Barack Obama: Good afternoon. I have a brief announcement. They say desperate times call for desperate measures, and that’s sadly the situation we find ourselves in today. We know this fight about the debt ceiling has not been about the debt itself. We know this because Republicans have all voted for a budget plan that would add more than $5 trillion to the national debt in the next decade. No, this fight is about leverage, pure and simple. It’s about the Republicans craving a “forcing device” at a time of divided government to gain the upper hand. Well, if Republicans insist on having leverage over me, I’m going to give it to them in a way that does the least harm to the nation. You all know how much I love Bo — he’s the friend a president needs in a town like Washington. But I can’t let my love for a Portuguese Water Dog outweigh the well-being of 300 million Americans — not to mention the billions around the world whose welfare would be at risk if the United States defaulted on its debt and threw the global economy into a tailspin.
The presidency is full of tragic choices. My family has always understood we might not be exempt. There’s a fact sheet coming around now on the details of this debt-for-dog swap. This should all be wrapped up in a few days, and we can then get on with the important business of winning the future.
Williams: Chuck Todd, a stunning development. We haven’t seen a presidential dog play this kind of role in matters of state at least since Nixon’s Checkers speech.
Todd: Brian, I’m told the hostage option has been under consideration for about a week. John Boehner apparently told his caucus it was beyond the pale, which further upset Tea Party members who felt Boehner’s balking was further proof the House speaker had gone wobbly. Eric Cantor, meanwhile, successfully argued that holding Obama’s dog could be a source of continuing leverage, something that didn’t simply end when the debt limit itself was raised.
Williams: We’re joined now by David Gregory, host of NBC’s “Meet The Press.” David, what are you hearing?
David Gregory: Brian, Democrats seem thrilled because for now, at least, it means Social Security and Medicare are off the table. Though some are concerned about the precedent of a Democratic president giving the GOP a member of his family, at least without securing an ironclad commitment to tax the rich in return. And for all the drama of this moment, it’s not at all clear that Eric Cantor can deliver. Michele Bachmann, for example, just released a statement saying she won’t even consider voting for a debt-ceiling increase unless the president hands over his mother-in-law, as well. This is shaping up to be a real test of Cantor’s leadership, Brian, because, as things now stand, no debt increase, no dog.
Williams: How will the sequencing here be handled? Republicans can’t simply pass a clean debt-ceiling bill and count on the president to keep his word, can they?
Todd: That’s exactly right, Brian. We’re hearing a lot of that old Reagan adage, “Trust but verify.” Right now both sides are working on details of a so-called simultaneous exchange — under which the enacted debt-ceiling bill is brought to an escrow location at which the debt/dog handoff is supervised by a mutually agreed-to third party. It sounds complicated, but aides say it’s much, much easier than trying to write and pass major deficit-reduction legislation in 10 days.
Williams: David, when the president said we’d have to rip the Band-Aid off and eat our peas, this wasn’t what anyone had in mind, was it?
Gregory: You know what they say, Brian. To govern is to choose.
Williams: Thanks as always, gentlemen. (Touches earpiece.) Wait, this just in: Michelle Obama has apparently fled the capital with Bo in tow — in disguise! Stay with NBC for continued coverage of America’s decline as a governable nation. . . .